Systematic methodology

Systematic ethnology

 Systematic anthropology                 

Systematic linguistics

Population geogenetics

Systematic poetics

 Systematic fokloristics                    




Prehistoric tribes

 Prehistoric races

Prehistoric languages

Population ethnogenetics

   Literary genres

Prehistoric folklore











*     Racial taxonomy

*     Ethnical taxonomy

*     Europids

*     Nordids

*     Indids

*     Littoralids

*     Caucasoids

*     Elamitoids

*     Negrids

*     Melanids

*     Tungids

*     Pelasgids

*     Cimbroids

*     Turanids 

*     Ugro-Scythids

*     Uralo-Sarmatids

*     Lappids

*     Sinids



*     Spain                France

*     Italy       Benelux

*      Britain         Celts

*      Scandinavia  

*     Germany

*     Balts        Slavs

*     Greece

*     Anatolia




The Origins of Human Religious Faiths

Clickable terms are red on the yellow or green background



The  Theoretical Foundations  of  Anthropology, Ethnology and Prehistoric Studies




*     The  Paragenetic Model of Human Evolution from Hominids

*     The Tenets of Evolutionary Paragenesis

*     Evolutionary Paragenesis as a Middle Way between Anthropological Monogenesis and Polynenesis

*     The Folktale Typology of Prehistoric Races

*     The Origins of Human Religious Faiths



*     Errors in the Traditional Classification of Races

*     Principles of Systematic Evolutionary Taxonomy

*     The Phylogenetic Trees of Human Stocks

*     The Transition from Hominids to Hominins

*     Systematic Anthropology



The Evolutionary Tree of Human Religiogenesis and Magic Cults of Savages

(from P. Bělíček:: The Synthetic Classification of Human Phenotypes and Varieties Prague 2018, Table 8, Map p. 24)










































Origins of the Religious Cultures of Primordial Races 


  The typological screening of recent indigenous and aboriginal cultures brings sufficient additional evidence for reconstructing Palaeolithic lineages as well as the archaic patterns of their spiritual life. Religious ideas originated by sacralising activities associated with alimentation and gaining daily bread. The economic mode of subsistence was sublimated in supernatural imagination and popular superstitions, almighty agents of everyday life were deified as omnipotent spirits and deities. The racial group of big-game hunters promoted cults of animal totems. They butchered mammoths as well as other giant mammals and practiced theriomorphic totemism (zootheism). This religion idolatrised the lords of animal species and identified their kin with a genus of beasts. If their totem animal was the bear, they believed that they were begotten by bears and after their death their soul will be reborn as a bear. It would transmigrate into a zoomorphic body and resurrect as a bear cub. The waterside fishermen confessed pisciform totemism (ichthyotheism) praying to creatures living in waters. Besides fish they bowed to various waterside monsters and wished to be devoured by their fictitious king, a strong shark or a dragon. Such a fatal accident would ensure them reincarnation into a feared predator and warrior in the reptile body. On the other hand, tribes of herbivorous plant-gatherers gave preference to vegetal powers and believed in phytogenous totemism (phytotheism). They thought that they were born from plants and would die as flowers, shrubs or trees. They lived on vegetal food and deified their source of subsistence as sacred.

   Totemistic magic prevailed in the Palaeolithic period and evolved in several distinct stages. At first, totemistic cults classified human clansmen and foreigners as distinct animal species without recognising their human identity. Later times witnessed the rise of social authority attached to chieftains and strong warriors, who grouped in men’s secret sodalities and prepared hunting expeditions. They wore ghostlike animal masques and spooked commoners as supernatural spirits. Such social differentiation turned totemism into animism dividing clansmen according to age-classes, tattooing and trophies as bearers of supernatural powers. Common clansmen feared them as forest spirits commanding territories in the neighbourhood.


































In the Neolithic isolated nomadic hordes were compelled to settle down and permeate with neighbouring clans in mixed communities. As a result, animal totems and spirits abandoned rainforest solitude and ascended to heavens as almighty gods. Dominant warlike tribes seized chieftainship and bulwarked their seat in elevated hillforts (Greek acropoleis). They forced subdued neighbours to worship their clan gods as celestial monarchs reigning in heavens. Tribes of megalith builders worshipped ovotheism (Latin ovum ‘egg’) declaring that the world was created from an egg laid by the world bird nesting on the world tree. It was imagined as an impersonation of the heavenly sun-god watching his worshippers with beaming and blessing eyes. Another catchword might read as ‘oculotheism’ since this god punished the infidels with blindness and blessed the faithful fidels with wealth.      

   A different type of ovotheism was common to the brotherly phratries of Asiatic, Uralic and Tibetan tribes, who were known for religions of astrotheism (Latin aster ‘star’).1 They worshipped stars and believed that if an old chieftain died, his souls turned into a night star in heavens. At the same time some miraculous signs in the sky notified clansmen that a new predestined king or dalai lama descended to the earth in the reincarnated body of a little baby archpriest.

   Big-game hunters were accustomed to nomadic life in the wake of hunted herds but when their hunting grounds became exhausted, they had to settle down as pastoralists indulging in warfare. Their folklore abounded in heroic sagas and epic songs (Heldenlieder) glorifying brave warriors and their legendary deeds. As they fought with bows and arrows, they soon discovered their derivate in musical string instruments such as lyres, harps, cithers and lutes. Their accompaniment helped to develop long narrative monodic compositions known as alliterated heroic epic.

   The tribes of nomadic fishermen were divided into racial groups of Tungusoid or Pelasgoid lake-dwellers and Turcoid bog people or cliff-dwellers. The latter were reported to live in artificial rock-cut caves or shafts hewn in seaside crags. Originally they believed in the fish-like transmigrations of human


Extract from P. Bělíček: The Synthetic Classification of Human Phenotypes and Varieties. Prague 2018, p. 27-28














































1 P. Bělíček: Literary Ethnology and Sociology. Prague 2017, p. 14, 19.