Prehistoric tribes

Prehistoric races

Prehistoric languages

Prehistoric haplogroups








*     Genetic taxonomy

*     Ethnic taxonomy

*     Europids

*     Nordids

*     Indids

*     Littoralids

*     Caucasoids

*     Elamitoids

*     Negrids

*     Melanids

*     Tungids

*     Pelasgids

*     Cimbroids

*     Turanids 

*     Ugro-Scythids

*     Uralo-Sarmatids

*     Lappids

*     Sinids



Migratiom Trees of the Basco-Ugro-Scythoid Y-DNA Haplogroup Q-M242

Clickable terms are red on the yellow background




Map 1. The Migration Tree of the Y-Haplogroup Q-M242

Map 2.  The Migration Tree of the Europeam Distribution of the Y-DNA haplogroup Q-M242 (after Eupedia)

Map 3. The Diachronic Map of Mousterian Sites and their Hypothetical Bronze Age Survivors








































The Basco-Ugro-Scythoid Y-DNA Haplogroup Q-M242


   The genetic roots of the ancient megalith-builders are hard to trace because of their incredible antiquity and the degenerate state of conditions. Their monuments spread all over Eurasia and Egypt in the Bronze Age as an expression of steep social differences in the earliest civilisations. Their common tribesmen had to put up with less dazzling graves, with the corpse entwined with a long piece of cloth under a pile of stones as is common among South African cattle-breeders. Huge pyramids, cairns, tumuli, kurgans and tholoi were all more luxurious derivates of pile-burials used as a postmortal abode of the Khoekhoe tribes in Namibia.

   Their Y-DNA haplogroup Q-M242 became surprisingly dominant in the New World and its cradle land in Siberia but it has left only few vestiges in the west of Europe. The reason is that their populations exhibited scarce density and were superposed by later incomers such as Gravettians, the Corded Ware with Y-hg I1 and the Magdalenian Microlithic with Y-hg R1b. In Africa it probably specialised as a new Y-DNA haplogroup B common among the Khoekhoe, Maasai and the Nilotic pastoralists. This observation implies that the apparatus of population genetics pursues markers of midrange outreach and leaves many empty gaps in links between the racial varieties united by long-range genetic affiliation. For instance, it builds no passable bridge between African Negrids, Australian Aboriginals, Melanesians and Brazilian Amazonids. Neither does unite piscivorous fishermen, their nomadic hordes fall into the Pelasgoic haplogroup T in Africa and Europe, while  their  Asiatic kinsfolk continued by developing a different haplogroup stock C-M130. A similar dichotomy appears between African Hamitoid pastoralists with the Y-DNA group B-M60 and their Asiatic Ugro-Scythoid brothers with Q-M242.

   The highest distribution of Q-M242 is evidenced in South America (100 %) and some tribes of the Americas (Apache 78 %, Mixe, Chibche 100 %). They all belong to the group Q1a2a1-L54 stemming from the Siberian Ugri-Mansi people. However, the Peruvians Andids look like a continuation of the Polynesian haplogroup Q1a1a1-M120. Their genetic connection confirms Thor Heyerdahl’s theory that Peruvian Inkas sailed in balsa rafts and were able to reach Polynesian islands. His view developed the earlier ideas of the diffusionist anthropologists G. Elliot Smith and W. H. R. Rivers from the 1920s. They noticed that there existed a number of striking cultural parallels between the architecture of ancient Egyptian pyramids and the Aztecan and Peruvian monumental megalithic buildings. In opposition to their reconstructions of journeys undertaken by Egyptian mariners to Central America, Heyerdahl supported an alternative Polynesian hypothesis. His expedition Kon-Tiki journey relied on the nautical skills of balsa rafts. Their use was witnessed by Francisco Pizarro's seafarers, who encountered balsa watercrafts constructed by the Peruvian Inkas in 1526. Most Polynesians were Pulau-Tongans and employed catamaran boats as their own specific means of trasport. The Bihar megalith-builders were of different stock, they probably started their migrations in Burma and landed on two large islands famous for megalith monuments, Mindanao and Sulawesi. These centres launched further expeditions to the east. They propagated megalithic architecture with huge statues, menhirs and pyramids as far as the Easter Islands and the Peruvian burial tombstones.

  The migration routes of Ugro-Scythoid define also their principal tribal divisions. The earliest migrations remain hidden to our eyes because they took place in the Middle Palaeolithic and became visible only in the excavation sites of the Mousterian Neanderthalers. Their common traits were beehive huts out of straw or hides supported by boughs, mammoth bones and whale ribs. They had low entrances that were often prolonged by a corridor called prodromos in Mycenaean tholos cairns. The live sleepers usually did not lie on beds but relaxed in a sitting or squatting position. The sitting posture was typical also of the dead warriors buried in cairns and tholoi graves.  The dead bodies were oiled by sacred unction, mummified and entwined by a long piece of cloth.


The Ugro-Scythoid Nations with Megalithic Tumuli


     An equally big chunk of Eurasian ethnic culture was formed by the megalith people of Basco-Abkhazo-Scythoids. Their conquests invaded Europe in the Cyclopean Bronze Age whereas the Uralo-Sarmatians subdued European peasantry in the Iron Age. In Central Asia they prided on the exclusive standing of Royal Scythians. In China they took hold of reign when the Hsia dynasty crowned its king with the title wang. In ancient Greece the Mycenaean Cyclops installed the rule of their king called wanax or wa-na-ka. They were notorious for the tall robust physiognomy of ‘one-eyed’ brachycephalous giants but as they often intermarried with wives from the shorter Celtic nations, they stepwise lost most of their eccentric traits.

  The Mycenaean Cyclopes adored as their supreme god Uranos, whose twin brother is sought in the Indian patron of herdsmen called Varuna. Their name derives from the Scythoid phratry of Ugrians and Ingrians. The reign of Uranos in the ancient Greek pantheon was recorded in architecture by the Mycenaean tholos graves and the Treasury of Atreus, whose tomb is erroneously attributed to Atreus. Mycenaean tholoi were dome-shaped constructions guarded by leonine sphinxes. The impact of Cyclopean architecture was felt also in Athens, whose central town-hall was described as tholos. In front of its doors was a circular meeting-place and training-ground called agora. The philosophy of circular cupola-shaped constructions found an echo in Stonehenge, its circle of tall standing stones and the Arthurian ‘round table’ reserved for debates of the council of elders.


Scythians/Scots/Saka/Sogdians (stag) – Mysii/Mushkoi (felines, cats) – Basques/Abkhaz (lion) – Ugrians/Ugarites/Ukrainians (capricorn) –   Mitannians/Medes/Magyars (eagle)


steppe grassland, savannas, mountainous pastures, unconquerable hill-forts on high promontories and rocky reefs


hunting the mammoth, buffalo and big mammals, breeding bovine domestic cattle, military crafts, slave-holding, blood-letting


beehive huts and houses with a low entrance, circular cupola-shaped stone house tholos, arched vaulting, dome-shaped roofage


totem cults of feline ancestors, leonine sphinxes, worshipping Ahura Mazda, Mithra, Uranos and Varuna, dualism recognising good and bad angels, later it transformed into monotheism, golden masques for kings, golden effigies of stags and lions


mummifying the dead corpse of prominent persons, greasing the corpse with sacred ointment, winding it with a bandage of a long cloth and deposing it in a domed-shaped cairn tholos with a low horizontal entrance (prodromos); cairns were covered by huge heaps of stones, similar Scythian kurgans, Balkan mound tumuli graves, Scottish cairns and Anatolian mausolea


Scythoid megalith-builders believed in solar and ocular magic, they used it to measure the incidence of sun beams; evil curses were pronounced by maledictions and evil-eye casting


robust tall giant stature, brachycephalous skull, aquiline nose, light reddish skin, red hair


Mousterian flake tools with repeated retouch, leaf-shaped points fixed to the head of lances (lanceoliths), bronze daggers, bows with an arrow as prototypes of stringed instruments   


leather mantle from hides tied with a clasp and tossed over the left shoulder so as to let the right arm free for throwing spears


ABO group O, Rh-, Y DNA haplogroup Q, mtDNA haplogroup A or X


alliteration, initial consonance, heroic chants, heroic epic sung to the lyre, harp, lute and other stringed musical instruments, evil-eye charms


agglutination, incorporation, vowel ǝ, alternating b - m, fricatives þ, θ, γ, χ, k-duals, k-plurals, definite articles, OSV order

Table 1. The cultural paradigm of megalith-builders

    Megalithic stone monuments derived from straw beehive-dwellings with a low entrance and finally resulted in Anatolian mausolea, Scottish cairns and Islamic mosques. Their earliest archetype is seen in the Mousterian mammoth bone huts at the site Molodovo I. Their occurrence spanned from the Chukchee yaranga constructions to African cattle-breeders and reached as far as the Khoisan beehive hut matjieshuis from boughs, straw and cow-dung. The Khoisan camps with beehive huts were surrounded by a circular enclosure for cattle called kraal. The end points of this long Mousterian migration route are now remarkable for languages with analytic constructions, indefinite and definite articles, collective plurals in -t and distinctive duals in -k.

    When the rule of Uranos in archaic Greece broke down and his throne fell prey to Kronos, the power of Cyclopean nobility inhabiting round castles weakened and gave ground to the Titanids from the kin of Graikoi headed by Cronos. New inhabitants of the Myceanaean acropolis began to bury their dead in shaft-graves and cist-tombs. The Mycenaean civilisation cannot be associated with Greek etymologies, its warrior class colonised a long belt of land leading from the Mushkoi1 on the Euphrat to Mysia in Anatolia and to the Bessoi and Mysians in Thrace. Its ancestry in Sumerian Ur, Anatolia, Thrace and Scythia Magna in the Ukraine can be discerned according to rich golden treasures with royal golden masques, golden effigies of stags and leonine or feline divinities symbolising main Scythoid phratries in Table 27.

   The Iranian Medes professed Zarathustra’s religion of Zoroastrism. Its celestial hierarchy attributed the highest position to their clan ancestor Ahura Mazda. The role of evil devil was entrusted to Ahriman, whose name is associated with Aryans. But it is more probable that it hinted at Angra Mainyu or Ahriman, the ancestor of all Ugrids. Nations on the Indian subcontinent prayed to four principal deities Varuna, Mithra, Nāsatja and Indra. Their names allude to their doppelgängers revered in the kingdom of Mitanni. Ancient records spelled their names as A-ru-na, Mi-it-ra, Na-ša-ti-ya and In-da-ra.1 Mazda Mithra and Vishnu were good sun-gods adored by Medes, Varuna and Angra Mainju were evil gods worshipped by the Ugric moiety of Scythian and Sindhian megalith-builders.




















































1  I. M. Diakonoff: Yazyki drevney Peredney Azii. Moskva 1967; Predystoriya armyanskogo naroda. Yerevan 1968. 264p.

1  Georges Dumézil: Mitra-Varuna, Indra, les Nāsatya comme patrons des trois fonctions cosmiques et sociales. Lund : Studia Linguistica, 1947.