Systematic methodology

Systematic ethnology

 Systematic anthropology

Systematic linguistics

Population geogenetics

Systematic poetics

 Systematic folkloristics




Prehistoric tribes

 Prehistoric races

Prehistoric languages

Prehistoric archaeology

   Prehistoric religions

Prehistoric folklore











*       Racial taxonomy

*       Ethnic taxonomy

*        Europe

*        Asia

*       Anatolia

*       Caucasus

*       Africa

*        Arabia

*       India

*       China

*       Indonesia

*       Indochina

*       Polynesia

*        Australia

*       North America

*        South America



*       Spain                France

*        Italy       Schweiz

*       Britain         Celts

*       Scandinavia  

*       Germany

*       Balts        Slavs

*       Greece   Thrace

*       Anatolia



The Revised Taxonomy of World Races

Clickable terms are red on yellow background


Table 1. Eicksted’s  map of world races


The Differential Evolutionary Taxonomy of Human Varieties


   The following tables attempt to provide a systematic classification of human races. As its methodology refuses to adhere to strict monogenesis, it proposes a model of collinear paragenesis and parallel sapientisation involving a quadripartition of four principal lineages. The sign † serves for denoting inadequate and controversial labels that are recommended for avoiding. If their entry is entered after the alphabetical bullet a), a more appropriate denomination follows after the alphabetical bullet a). The sign ­ draws attention to new coinage introduced in this publication and it may be quoted with reference to its edition.1 It indicates that the term is not common in current usage. The sign > recommends convenient substitutions and pliable terms for surveyable geographical reference.

Oldowan dolichocephalous axe-tool makers and herbivorous (pre)agriculturalists

Oldowan Negrids: tall robust dolichocephals, pentagonal cranium, sagittal keel; chamaerrhinia, platyrrhinia: broad round nasal cavity, absence of nasal sill; prognathism, thick lips; rectangular orbits, deep eye-holes, wide interorbital gap; rainforest habitat, rectangular longhouses, fringed grass aprons, bare-breasted women, water-pail head-carrying; prenasalised stops, prefixing classifiers

Ancestor: Homo erectus, Oldowan culture (2,6 Ma), later colonisations of pebblestone chopping tools 

Subspecies I: Homines sapientes nigri, afri et alfuri (Linné 1758, Lesson 1827) = Westnegriden,

   Ostnegriden (Eickstedt 1934) > Afro-Negrids, Afro-Melanids, Indo-Negrids, Sino-Negrids

Variety 1: Homo s. niger afer > Afro-Negrid

Generation 1: Homo s. palaeniger (Montandon 1937, Eickstedt 1934) = Palänegride > Palaeo-

   Negrid called also Zambesid2 or Bergdama3 (Katangids, South Bantu, Bergdama and Shara tribes)

Generation 2: Homo s. neoniger = Neo-Negrid (modern blacks coming from Sangoans, 130,000 BP)

Subvariety 1: Homo s. niger congicus > Congid, Congoid Afro-Negrid (Y-hg E-M96, mt-hg L)

Subvariety 2: Homo s. niger kenynsis > Bantuid (East Africans, Y-hg E2-M75, mt-hg L0, L2*)

Subvariety 3: Homo s. niger quinesensis > Guinesid (West Africans, Y-hg E1a-M132, mt-hg L1b)

Subspecies II: Homines sapientes melanici > Melanids (Oldowan colonists, 1,8 Ma)

Variety 1: Homo s. adenomelanicus­ > Adeno-Melanid (blacks in the south of Saudi Arabia)

Variety 2: Homo s. indomelanicus (Eickstedt 1937, ex Deniker 1900) = Indomelanide > Indo-Negrid

a) Homo s. i. carnaticus (Eickstedt 1937) = Südmelanide > Karnatid, the Tamil Nandu in South India

b) Homo s. i. sinhalicus­ = Sinhalesid (Eickstedt 1934), Sinhalese blacks in Sri Lanka

c) Homo s. i. kolidus (Eickstedt 1928, 1937) = Nordmelanide > Kolid (Kolarians in West Bengal)

d) Homo s. i. gondicus (Eickstedt 1937, ex 1931) = Gondide (Eickstedt 1937) > Gondid, Malid 

e) Homo s. i. veddalis (Haeckel 1898, ex Sarasin 1893, Knussmann 1996) = Weddide > Veddid

f) Homo s. i. ayeyarwadyensis­ = Hmongid (Burmese tribes along the Ayeyarwady/Irrawaddy River)

Variety 3: Homo s. niger sinomelanicus­ > Sino-Melanid, Hmong-Mien or Miao-Yao Sino-Negrid

Variety 4: Melanesid: archaic varieties of Negrids in New Caledonia, Papua and Melanesia

a) Homo s. niger melaninus (Bory 1825) = Melaneside > Melanesid, Melano-Negrid (Y-hg M),

b) Homo s. niger australasicus (Bory 1825) = Australide > Australo-Negrid, Australid

Variety 5: Homo s. niger brasilianus (Eickstedt 1937, ex d'Orbigny 1839) = Brasilide, Amazonid (Biasutti, 1967, Lundman, 1967 ) > Latino-Negrid (Tupí-Guaraní tribes in Brazil)

Reclassifications of Negrids:

Variety 1a: Homo s. niger (Haeckel 1898) = Sudanid > Sudano-Ugrid
Variety 1b: Homo s. niloticus (Montandon 1937) = Nilotid > Nilo-Ugrid, Afro-Massaid
Variety 1c: Homo s. cafer (Bory 1825) = Kafrid, Bantuid > Pele-Thonga Afro-Pelasgid

Acheulean dolichocephalous axe-tool makers with (pre)agriculturalist subsistence

Acheulean Gothonids: dolicho- to mesocephalic skull, light to brownish skin colour, curly, wavy or frizzly hair, long narrow leptorrhine nose, rectangular orbits, strong massive chin, brown to blonde hair, rich pilosity and body hair, ABO blood group O, Y-haplogroups I1, I2, J1, J2; rectangular wattle and daub houses on elevated tell-mounds and sand-dunes; bovine deities and bull worship; adaptation of prefixing classifiers to agglutinative suffixation and case flexion, the correlation of voiced and voiceless stops, two- and three-morae vowel quantity, quantitative prosody, processional hymns and recitatives with precentors to iconolatric wooden idols of deities  

Subspecies III: Homines sapientes albi (Gmelin 1788) = Caucasoids > Acheulean Gothonids­

Ancestors: Homo ergaster?, Acheulean culture (1,76 Ma)

Macrolithic Gothids: Eurasian Nordic dolichocephals with macrolithic axes

Variety 1: Homines s. albi xanthochroici (Huxley 1870) = Blondrassengürtel, Blondnordide  

Ancestor:  Homo s. albus europaeus = Micoquian Gothid (Micoquian culture,  130,000 BC,

   elongated hand-axes) > Gothid

Subvariety 1: Homo sapiens albus europaeus (Linné 1758) = Europid, Nordid > Gothid­

a) Homo s. eu. nordicus (Sergi 1908) = [†Teutonordid] > Scando-Gothid (Gotho-Frisian

   Corded Ware culture with battle axes and Y-hg I1)

Forms: Anglo-Saxons, Juto-Frisians, Baltic Yotvingo-Prussians, Ud(murt)-Permians, Geto-Dacians

   in the Balkans, Geto-Persians in Iran, Khattri-Brahmans in India

b) Homo s. a. eu. danubianus = Europid > Norico-Gothid (Langobardian Linear Band Culture

   (fertile alluvial lowlands, longhouses on the riverside bottom of valleys, Y-hg I2)

c) Homo s. a. eu. ibericus­ = Atlanto-Mediterranide > Littorid, Ibero-Gothid (Franco-Swabian Bell

   Beaker culture, shell midden dumps on sand-dunes, Y-hg I1)

d) Homo s. a. eu. rugianus­ = Europid > Dano-Gothid (Rugian Funnel Beaker culture, TBK,

Reihengräberkultur, ‘row grave culture’ burials)

Subvariety 2: Homo sapiens albus asiaticus (colonisations of the Corded Ware in Mehrgahr and the

   Vindhyas Ranges in India (10,000 BC, its northern branch in the Jomon culture, 14,000 BC)

a) Homo s. a. eu. indoafghanus (Giuffrida-Ruggeri 1917) = Nordindide

a′) Homo s. a. eu. getopersicus  = Getid > Irano-Getid, Geto-Persian

Irano-Gothonids­: arid dryland agriculture, tell-sites on artificial mounds, flat-roofed multi-roomed labyrinths, religious elementalism, cults of Mother Earth and Father Heaven, their sacred marriage hieros gamos, bull worship, bull fighting, bull leaping, ergative constructions, b-plurals

Variety 2: Homines s. albi elamitici, Acheulean descendants in Ethiopia, Anatolia, Iran and Myanmar

a) Homo s. albus elamiticus = Caucasoid (Y-hg J1, J2) > Irano-Gothonid, Elamitoid

b) Homo s. a. e. africanus (Sergi 1908) = Aethiopide, Ethiopid > Afro-Gothonid­
c) Homo s. a. e. anatolicus = Anatolo-Gothonid (Hattians, Hittites, Kittim, Heth)

d) Homo s. e. georgicus­ = Georgo-Gothonid (Georgians, Mingrelians)

e) Homo s. e. elamiticus­ = Elamo-Gothonid (Elamites, Susians, Gutii)

f) Homo s. e. indicus (Bory 1825) = Indid > Elamitoid, Indo-Gothonid (Gadaba, Kota)

g) Homo s. e. burmensis­ = Burmid > Burmo-Gothonid­ (Myanmar)

h) Homo s. e. zhuangensis­ = Zhuang Sinid > Sino-Elamitoid­ (farmers of South China

continuing the lineage of Burmids and professing the elementalist religion of Moism)

Littoralist Gothonids, shell-midden Littorids: littoral shell-fish eaters with campaniform pottery

Variety 3: Homines s. albi littorales = Littorids

Generation 1: tribes of Mugem, Asturian and Campignian culture (10,000 BC) with shell midden

Generation 2: Bell Beaker Folk cultures, Homo s. a. eu. ibericus­

a) Homo s. a. littoralis atlanticus = Ibero-Gothid­, Euro-Litterid­

b) Homo s. a. littoralis beridus­ = Berid (an islet of dolichocephals in southwest France)

c) Homo s. a. littoralis africanus = Afro-Littorid, shell-fish eaters with campaniform pottery

settled along the western seashores of Africa from Morocco to Guinea, Angola and South Africa

Subvariety 1: Trans-Siberian Littorids of Campignian origin > Sibero-Littorids, Jomonids

a) Homo s. a. littoralis sibiricus­ = Sibero-Littorid (Jomon culture with the Corded Ware in

   Japan and Korea, 14,000 BC, Okhotsk culture of coastal littoral fishers (600 AD)

b) Homo s. a. littoralis khitanus­ = Huanghoid (Liu 1937, Baker 1981), North Sinid (Eickstedt 1934),   

Khitanid­, this tall dolichocephalous race of millet farmers was identified with the tribe of Chinese

Khitans, Qìdān), considered as ancestral to the Jomon Corded Ware (14,000 BC)

Subvariety 2: Homo s. a. littoralis oceanicus­ = Oceano-Littorid (Y-hg K), Lapita cultures (1600 BC)

in Oceanic, Melanesian and Polynesian waters

Subvariety 3: Homines s. a. littorales americani = Amero-Litrorids­, Latino-Littorids

a) Homo s. a. l. americanus­ = Amero-Littorid (American littorids, 3500 BC, Haida littorids)

b) Homo s. a. l. lagoanus = Lagid (the Macro-Gê family in the east of Latin America

c) Homo s. a. l. huarpidus = Huarpid, kitchin middens of shell-fish eaters in South Chile  

Gravettian Subnordic Lappids: brachycephalous roundheads, low-skulled cranium, shortsized, endomorphous and brachyskelic figure, longer arms but shorter legs; short, small and concave nose; ABO blood group A, Africa-based Y-haplogroups E-V13, E-M81; urnfielders with cinerary urns and cremation burials; semisubterranean and lean-to huts; languages with melodic accent, palatal stops and nasal vowels; realistic, humoresque and picaresque folkore, trickster tales and mendicant carrols

Series A: Homines s. albi brachimorphi (Giuffrida-Ruggeri 1912) = Bergrassengürtel (Eickstedt 1937)

Series A′: Homo s. alpinus (Lapouge 1899, ex Linné 1758) > Alpinid, Lappid

Ancestor: Furfooz and Ofnet race, Gravettian culture (33,000 BP), shortsized brachycephals

Variety 1: Alpinid: Homo s. alpinus (Lapouge 1899, ex Linné 1758) = Alpine >  Alpinid, Gallid
a) Homo s. a. gallicus
­ (Lapouge 1899, ex Linné 1758) = Alpine >  Alpinid, Gallid­
b) Homo s. a. cevenolicus (Eickstedt 1937, ex Deniker 1900) = Westalpine, Cevennid > Gaelid

c) Homo s. a. albanicus­ = Albanid­, Balkano-Alpinid

Variety 2: Slavid: Homo s. slavonicus (Fischer 1829, ex Bory 1825) = Osteuropide > Slavo-Lappid
a) Homo s. a. slavonicus intermedius = Slavid, Slavo-Lappid

b) Homo s. a. palaeoslavonicus­ = Palaeo-Slavid­ (Gravettian, Stroked Ware, 4600 BC), Slavs, Sorbians

c) Homo s. a. neoslavonicus­  = Neo-Slavid­ (Lausitz/Lusatian culture 1300 BC), Wends, Croatians

Variety 3: Lappid: Homo s. lapponicus, Scandinavian Lapponoids

a) Homo s. a. lappo (Erxleben 1777) = Lappide > Scando-Lappid (Finns-Fenni, Saami, Álfar) 

b) Homo s. a. l. balticus­ = Balto-Lappid­  (Galinda, Letgalians)

c) Homo s. a. l. samoyedicus = Samoyedid­ > Uralo-Lappid (reideer-raising tribes of Enets and Nenets)

Leptolithic Ichthyophages and nomadic fishers

Leptolithic Levalloisian Pelasgo-Tungids: tall and leptoprosopic flattish faces, high lower face, high-skulled hypsicranic skulls; narrow leptorhine noses, high protruding cheekbones; narrower eye apertures; fatter eye-lids, residual epicanthus, small interorbital gap, ABO blood group B, Y-hg C, laminal retroflex stops and fricatives, fortis and lenis consonants, vowel harmony, lambdacism, l-plurals

Ancestor: Homo sapiens denisovansis, Levalloisians with flint-flake tools (500,000 BP)

Subspecies IV: Tungid, Homo sapiens denisovansis, also Homo s. denisovaHomo sapiens subsp. Denisova or Homo sapiens altaiensis (the latter term is most appropriate because the Altai Range in Kyrgyzstan seems to be the original homeland of Tungids and Turanids

Variety 1: Homo s. pelagius =  Pelasgid (nomadic lacustrine fishers with conical roundhouses)

Generation 1: Levalloisian flake-tool manufacturers tribes living as nomadic fishers around lakes linking the Jordan Rift with the Great East African Depression; their migrations are dated back to 90,000 BP, 125,000 and 500,000 BP and headed also from Palestine to the Riwat sites in Punjab.

Generation 2: Aurignacian Tungids spreading from Siberian tundras and the Black Sea to Western Europe (40,000 BP); they were remarkable for conical tepee huts and lakeside post-dwellings

Generation 3: Pelasgoid tribes spreading the Cardial Impresso pottery along the northern coasts

of the Mediterranean Sea from 6400 BC to 5500 BC

a) Homo s. pelagius (meridionalis, Fischer 1829, ex Bory 1827) = Mediterranid > Pelasgid
b) Mediterranid (Cardium Impresso Ware cultures along the Mediterranean seashores from
Byblos to   

   France and Spain, Mediterranean pirates and seafarers, Sea Peoples, peuples de la mer

Forms: Pelasgo-Danaids, Apullo-Daunians, Lydian-Carians, Palestino-Danites, Afar-Danakil 

c) Homo s. p. mediterranensis (Ujfalvy 1896) = Grazilmediterrane, Atlanto-Mediterranid, Gracile

Mediterranid: Ibero-Pelasgid, tribes of Pelendones with conical roundhouses

Variety 2: Pele-Thongids, Afro-Mediterranids, Afro-Pelasgids. Pele/Pede-Thonga tribes

a) Homo s. p. cafer (Bory 1825) = Kafride, Bantuide > Kafrid, Pele-Thonga Afro-Pelasgid
   (Levallosian flake-tool cultures, 500,000 BP, lakeside conical roundhouses in the Great Depression

   leading from East Africa to the Jordan Rift), his gracile look led to identification with Homo sapiens

b) Homo s. p. eurafricanus (Sergi 1908, ex Aleobe 1936) = Eurafrikanide > Eurafricanid

b) Homo s. p. iberomauritiensis = Libyid (Iberomaurusian culture, 23,950 BP), Dabban culture in  

   Libya linking Mechta-Afalou, Mouillian and Oranian racial types1

c) Homo s. p. mandensis­ (tribal groupings of Mandé, Mandinka and Songhai uniting nomadic fishers 

   who arrived to West Africa from the Near East, they migrated via the Sahel zone around 6000 BC)

Variety 3: Pontids, Tungids that arrived from Siberia about 40,000 BC and formed the hatchery of

   Aurignacian nomadic fishers wandering on westward colonisation to France in 36,000 BC

a) †Homo aurignaciensis hauseri (Klaatch - Hauser 1910) = Aurignacid (tall-faced Aurignacian   

   man from Combe-Capelle, 9 600 BP)

a) Homo s. tungicus aurignaciensis = Aurignacid (Aurignacian Tungid, ancestral to Chasséen)

b) Homo s. tungicus ponticus = Pontid (the colonies of East-European Mediterranids composed from

   Polovtsy, Kypchaks and Volga Bulgars; they resided north of the Black Sea, created the ochre pit-

   grave culture Yamnaya (3300 BC) and practiced ochre burials besprinkled with ochre dye

c) Homo s. tungicus carpathicus = Carpathids: the Carpathians seem to be a favourite oronym of

   Pontids encompassing the tribes of Rumanian Balti, Hungarian Ipoly tribes and Polish Opolans

d) Homo s. tungicus polonicus­ = Polonid­: the racial variety of Epi-Aurignacian lake-dwellers and

   riverside fishers left over after the Aurignacian colonisation of the Euxine Sea Pontids to France;

   the tribal groupings of Polane, Polochane and Balts

e) †Homo s. tungicus hyperboreus (Bory 1825) = †Sibiride (Eickstedt 1937) > Karelid
) Homo s. tungicus carelicus­ = Karelids­: the fraternal race of Greek Pelasgians, who denoted them

   as Hyperboreans and situated them to the northern subarctic zone; their huts lavvu in Finland had

   sharply slanting roofs and gables with crossed beams in tepee-like manner

f) Homo s. tungicus balticus­ = Baltid­ (nomadic fishers of Balts, Lithuanians, Latwians, Curones)

g) Homo s. tungicus ladoganus­ = Ladogan race (lacustrines residing on Ladoga and Onega Lake)

Variety 4: Tagalogids, Telugids,  Indo-Mediterranids, Sino-Pelasgids

a) †Homo s. i. indogracilis (Eickstedt 1937, ex 1931) = Grazilindide (Dravidian Telugu)
a′) Homo s. pelagius telugensis­ = Telugid­ (Tulu and Telugu tribes in the Dravidian family)

b) Homo s. p. palaunicus (Eickstedt 1937, ex 1928) = Palaungide > Palaungid
c) Homo s. p. tagalogensis
­ = Tagalogid­ (Tagalog people and Tagalog-speakers in the Philippines)

Variety 5: Tongid (the dominant lineage of the Polynesian seafarers with stilt-huts and catamarans)

a) Homo s. occidentalis (Fischer 1829, ex Bory 1827) = Polyneside > Oceano-Pelasgid
   (flower cults, seashore stilt-dwellings, catamaran barks and seafaring, Y-hg C2)

b) Homo s. o. polinesianus (Sergi 1908) = Polyneside > Oceano-Tungid (Palau-Tongans)

b′) Homo s. pelagius tonganus­ = Tongid­ (Oceanic tribes of Palau and Tonga islands in Polynesia,

   Tongids have to be distinguished from Micronesids, Arikis and Littorids with the Lapita culture)

Variety 6: Homo s. tungicus = Tungid: tall, narrow and flattish face, high protruding cheekbones, epicanthus with fat eye lids, narrow eye apertures, whitish and yellowish skin; straight leiotrichous hair, subsistence as nomadic fishers, lacustrine and riverine  lake-dwellers with tall tepee tents; Y-hg C, ABO blood group B, flower-cults, cherry-tree growing, ochre cults, ochre burials, acorn-eating

a) Homo s. tungicus sibiricus > Sibero-Tungid (riverine  and lakeside fishers with tall tepee tents)

b) Homo s. tungicus aurignaciensis = Aurignacid > Euro-Tungid (Aurignacian long prismatic

   knives, 37,000 BP, Leptolithic flake-tool industry)

c) Homo s. tungicus baradostiensis­  = Baradostian culture, 36,000 BC, Kurdo-Tungid­ (Kurds)

d) Homo s. tungicus ponticus  = Pontid, Pontic Mediterranid > Ponto-Tungid

Variety 7: Aztecid, Pacifids and Uto-Aztecan Silvids > Amero-Tungids (tall tepee tents, acorn-eaters)

a) Homo s. colombicus (Bory 1825) = Silvide > Amero-Tungid (tepee huts out of cedar bark)

b) Homo s. aztecanus > Amero-Tungid (Uto-Aztecan tribes with lake-dwellings and tepee

tents, flower cult, cultic wells, fountains and cenotes, acorn-eating, Y-hg C)

Reclassifications of Pelasgo-Tungids:

Varietas 1: Homo s. tatarus (Erxleben 1777) = Tungide > Turanid

a) Homo s. h. palaeasiaticus (Gregory 1921) = Ostsibiride > Tungid

Microlithic ichthyophagi and rockcut-cave dwellers

Microlithic Cimbro-Turanids: high lower face, tall leptoprosopic faces that are flattish and narrow in breadth, high-skulled hypsicranic skull, slender body; the nose is narrow, leptorrhine, higher protruding cheekbones, narrower eye apertures; ABO blood group B, Y-hg R*-M173, R1, R1a, R1b and R2, apical retroflex stops and fricatives, rhotacism, rhotic diphthongs, fortis and lenis consonants, vowel harmony, r-plurals, agglutination, vowel harmony, dirges in elegiac distichs, auletics

Descent from Levalloisians and Homo sapiens denisovanensis

Primary ancestors: Proto-Turanids (33,000 BP), formerly called Proto-Malays, microblade cultures with boomerangs and throwing-knives, Y-hg R*-M173, related to European Perigordians,

Secondary ancestors: Madgalenians with microlithic flake-tools (17,000 BP)

Varietas: Homo s. eurasicus (Sergi 1908)] = Turanide > Turanid

Subspecies V: Turanid,  Homo sapiens turanicus = Turanid, Turcoid

Generation 1: Homo s. palaeturanicus = Paleo-Turanid, Proto-Turanid: Turcoid microblade cultures, chain of Proto-Turanids and Proto-Malays with the Y-hg R1-M173, their original home and centre was in the Kirghiz parts of the Altai Mountains about 35,000 BC

Variety 1: Homo s. palaeturanicus, knife-throwing cannibals in Eurasia and Africa

a) Périgordian culture with flint knives and bladelets (35,000 BC) in France

b) Cushite and Azande cannibalist knife-throwers in East and Central Africa

c) Homo s. p. protomalayus (Eickstedt 1937, ex Sarasin 1905) = Protomalayide > Proto-Turanid
d) Homo s. p. papuensis (Fischer 1829) = Papuasid (Proto-Turanid Australoid with Y- hg R1-M173)

e) Australian boomerang-throwers with circumcision rituals (c. 30,000 BC)

Variety 2: Amerindian varieties of cannibals with rock shelters, circumcision rites and R1-M173

a) Yukon Eskimids with R1-M173 (Alaska, northwest Canada)

b) American cliff-dwellers with rock-overhang shelters and circumcision rituals (13,500 BP) >

   Amero-Turanids (Cree, Illinois, Floridan Seminole, Pueblan invaders)

c) Patagonian Fuegids: Yaghan and Ono fishers, Andean Cuncaicha rock shelters, Argentinian Cueva 

   de las Manos ‘cave of the hands’ (13,000 BP)

Generation 2: Homo s. neoturanicus = Neo-Turanids, tribes of nomadic fishers and antelope-hunters

with triangular and trapezoid microliths inlaid into bone hafts that served as cutting sabres

Variety 3: Homo s. neoturanicus eurasicus = Turanid drifting from Central Asia to western Eurasia

a) Homo s. neoturanicus kirghisiensis­ = Neo-Turanid (the birthplace of Altai Microlithic, 20,000 BP)

b) Homo s. neoturanicus zarzianensis­ = Zarzianid (first heralds of Zarzian Microlithic, 20,000 BP)

c) † H. s. eur. pamiriensis (Giuffrida-Ruggeri 1912) = Pamirid

c) Homo s. neoturanicus casachianus­ = Kazachid­, Eteo-Turanids in the Kirghiz heartland

d) mesoraces of  Plains Pamirids and East Pamirids that include Turanised Sarmatian steppe peoples,

   Uzbek herders, Tajik peasants, Fergana Valley tribes, Shughni, Rushani  tribes

Variety 4: Homo sapiens turanicus borealis­, the northern Mesolithic branch of microlithic Turcoid cultures headed by the Maglemosian Microlithic bog-people (9,000 BC); their descendants were nomadic fishers with the Y-hg R1a and pointed-base pottery containing organic admixtures

Subvariety 1: Cimbrid, Homo s. turanicus germanicus, a chain of epi-microlithic cultures radiating

   from the Dnieper-Donets homeland of Turanids with the Y-haplogroup R1a

a) Homo s. turanicus cossackus­, race of Slavinised Turcoid cossacks in the Dnieper-Donets homeland

b) Homo s. turanicus silesianus­, Silesian descendant of the Swiderian culture (11,000 BC) in Poland

c) †Homo s. eu. nordicus (Sergi 1908), †Homo s. eu. teutonicus = †Teutonordid  

c′) Homo s. turanicus teutonicus (Sergi 1908) = Teutonid, Germano-Cimbrid, Cimbroid

d) Homo s. turanicus trøndensis­ = Trøndid, Trønder type (Coon 1939), Komsa culture of seal-hunters

e) Homo s. turanicus baikalicus: the eastwards colonisation of Turanids with the Y-hg R1a1a1b2-Z93 and pointed-base  pottery heading for the Minusinsk basin, Lake Baikal and sites of the Afanasievo culture (3,300 BC)

Subvariety 2: Homo sapiens turanicus meridionalis, the southern Mesolithic branch of microlithic Turcoid cultures and their descendants with burnished pottery and the Y-hg R1b 

a) Homo turanicus hebroicus = Hebroid­, Kebaran culture (18,000 BP) and Natufians (12,500 BC)

b) Homo turanicus tauricus = Taurid, Kimmerid (Bertil Lundman 1977), Kimmerian populations in

   the Taurus Mountains in southern Anatolia, Kherson and in the Crimea (Tauriké) 

c) Homo s. turanicus magdaleniensis­ = Iberid­ (Magdalenian reindeer hunters, 17,000 BP)

d) Homo sapiens mediterraneus (Madison Grant 1916) > Iberid

d) Iberid, Homo sapiens turanicus mediterraneus (Spanish cultures of reindeer- and antelope- 

   hunters and later also goat-keepers with the Y-hg R1b and polished or burnished pottery)

e) Homo s. t. mediterraneus hibernicus > Hibernid­ (British Cymri, Cumbri, Irish Hiberni, Inverni)  

Variety 5: Indo-Turanids, the southeast draft of rockcut-cave dwellers with the Y-hg R1b

a) Homo s. turanicus dravidiensis (Dravidian rockcut-cave dwellers with purification rituals)

b) Homo s. turanicus harappanensis­ = Brahuid­ (Harappa colonists surviving in the Dravidian Brahui,   

   purification rites, burials in water streams, sanctuaries in rock-cut caves) > Brahui Indo-Turanid

c) Homo s. t. tamilensis = Indo-Turanid (Dravidian Shivaists with temples in artificial rockcut caves)

Variety 6: Afro-Turanid = Homo sapiens afroturanicus, African Cushites and Nubians spreading

  Microlithic  industry to Tshitolian sites in Cameroon and Nachikufan sites in Zimbabwe, 10,000 BC

a) Homo s. a. rwandensis = Tutsids: Rwanda goat-keepers descending from the Wilton microlithic

   culture (6,000 BP) that is the real contriver of the allegedly Bushman rock-paintings

b)  Homo s. a. capsianus = Tuaregian Targids, Kabyles, Shilha and Tuaregs as Non-Berber residues

   of  the Capsian Microlithic culture (10,000 BC), 

c) Homo s. a. canarius = Canarid (cave-dwelling Guanches mixed with  Berber mummifiers)

Generation 3: Chain series of Deutero-Malayids (Tertiary Turanids) with the Y- hg R2a and R2b:

Variety 7: Homo s. tritoturanicus deuteromalayus = Malayid (younger Turanids drifting to Malaysia)

a) Homo s. t. aralicus (Eickstedt 1937, ex Montandon 1928) = Aralide > Aralo-Turanid
b) Homo s. t. kashmiricus
­ = Kashmirid­, Nepali peoples of Dangaru Tharu, militant warlike tribes

   with purification rituals and burials in coffins

c) Homo s. t. khmericus (Eickstedt 1937, ex Sarasin 1905) = Deuteromalayid > Khmerid,

   Deutero-Malays and ‘Tertiary-Turanids’, offerings of gold in lakes, cremation burials in coffins

d) Homo s. t. carolinensis (Fischer 1830, ex Desmoulins 1826) = Mikroneside > Micronesid

Chamorro and Guam peoples in the Carolines, grinding querns used as money for local trade) 


Carnivorous mega-fauna hunters and megalithic cattle-herders

African Proto-Sotho-Massaids: brachycephalous megafauna hunters and cattle-breeders, who are of taller stature than surrounding Negrids, Europids and Nordids; they are of robust macroskelic figure and exhibit large heads with high cranial capacity, they have great cranial breadth and height, their long rhomboid face is known for higher protruding cheekbones; African varieties display yellowish or lighter brown skin betraying Asiatic origin, narrow slanting eyes, epicanthus and fat eye-folds; they live in cupolar dome-shaped beehive-dwellings with low entrances; their dead fathers are deposited in pile-burials and mounds composed from stones heaped on the pile by passers-by

Ancestors: Homo heidelbergensis (Africa, 700,000 BP), Homo rhodensiensis (Rhodesia, 600,000 BP), Homo heidelbergensis (Boxgrove, Europe 480,000 BP), Swanscombe man (400 000 BP), Tayacian and Clactonian culture (400,000 BP), Tabunian (Near East), Homo neanderthalensis

Subspecies VI: Gigantids (Khoids, Massaids, Scythids, Baskids, Ugrids): Homines sapientes gigantei­

†Series A: Homines s. asiatici subnigri (Hunter 1775) = Khoisanide > Khoid

Variety 1: H. s. giganteus austroafricanus (medium stature but taller than in neighbours)

a) Homo s. giganteus massaicus (Eickstedt 1937) = †Süd-Aethiopide > Massaid (Maasai, Samburu)

b) Homo s. giganteus samburicus­ = Samburid (Samburu tribes related to the Maasai warriors)

Variety 2: Khoids (South African cattle-breeders and beehive-dwellers with leaf-shaped lance points)

a) †H. s. hottentotus (Bory 1825) = Khoisanide (Eickstedt 1937) > Khoid
a′) H. s. g. austroafricanus (Fischer 1830, ex Desmoulins) = Khoide > Khoid (Sandawe, Hadza)

b) mesoraces of beehive-dwelling herders and Kafrid lacustrine fishers (Zulu, Sotho, Swazi, Swahili)

Variety 3: Saharids (Epi-Aterian beehive-dwellers with cupola-shaped cairn burials)

a) Homo s. p. atlanticus (Fischer 1829, ex Bory 1827) = Saharide (Eickstedt 1934)

a′)  H. s. g. saharicus= Saharid (the Imazighen megalith-builders in North Africa)

b) H. s. g. palaesaharicus = Palaeo-Saharid (Toubous/Teda in the Tibesti mountains)

c) H. s. g. berbericus = Berberid (tribes of Imazhigen with dome-shaped burial mounds)

Variety 4: Homines sapientes gigantei (africani) nigri > Nilotids

Variety 4: Nilotids: Homo s. giganteus niloticus (Montandon 1937) = Nilotide > Nilotid

a) Homo s. giganteus austroniloticus =  South Nilotid (Acholi, Alur, Lotuko)

b) Homo s. giganteus niloticus = Dinkaid (swampy herder with Kafroid conical roundhouses)

c) Homo s. giganteus niloticus = Shillukid (swampy cattle-breeder with an admixture of Kafrids)

Megalithic Scando-Ugrids: a mixed mesorace of archaic and diluted multitudes of Palaeolithic megafauna hunters infiltrated by Europoids; tall-statured ectomorphs, large-headed brachycephals with tall and broad skulls, their nose is narrow and leptorrhine but it is remarkable for convex, hooked and aquiline profile, high nasal bridge, red hair and reddish tint of light skin; owing to its archaic diluted state it bears only low residual percentages of its native Y-hg Q 

Series: Homo s. giganteus rubescens/erythrochroicus = Erythrochroids, Euro-Brachids, Ogro-Scottids

Variety 5: Homo s. giganteus atlanticus = Atlantid (archaic diluted race of megafauna hunters along the West-European Atlantic chain of the Bronze Age megalith-builders of Epi-Mousterian origin)

a) Homo s. giganteus baskicus = Baskid (Epi-Aterian Basques, Vascones, Bastetani, Provençals)

b) Homo s. giganteus armoricanus­ = Armoricanid­ (Epi-Solutrean megalith-builders, Pictones)

c) Homo s. giganteus scoticus­ = Scottid­ (a megalithic race of broch and cairn builders, Scots, Picts)

d) Homo s. giganteus brünnensis = Brünnid (Coon 1939), chiefly Irish large-headed brachycephals

Variety 6: Scandids: red-haired large-headed brachycephals in Scandinavia and North Europe

a) Homo s. g. scandicus = Scandid (Scandinavian varieties of non-Lappish brachycephals)

b) Homo s. g. borrebyensis = Borreby variety (Coon 1939) > Scandid (Varangians, Vikings, Scanians)

c) Homo s. g. wagrianus et mazowiensis = Wagrid­ (northern chain of the Globular Ware, Borreby  

   types of Chudic origin; they span from Mazowsze around Węgorzewo in north Poland to Germany

d) Homo s. eu. dalofaelicus (Peters 1937) = Dalofälische > Dalofaelid, Faelo-Ugrid

Variety 6: Homo s. groenlandus (Fabricius 1780) = Eskimide > Eskimid (a hybrid mesorace of

   Palaeo-Sibirid seal-hunters and Palaeo-Turanid fishers with Y-hg R1-M173, descent from the

Komsa culture of marine seal-hunters)

Variety 7: Dinarids: Homo s. giganteus dinaricus = Dinarid (cultures of tumuli graves ranging from  

   the Balkans to South Bohemia, Bavaria, South Germany and the Mosellian river basin in France)

a) Homo s. giganteus dinaricus (Lapouge 1899, ex Deniker 1897) = Dinaride > Dinarid

b) Homo s. giganteus moesiacus­ = Moesid­ (Moesians, Macedonians, Cycladic isles, 3,000 BC)

c) Homo s. giganteus cyclopicus­ = Cyclopid­ (Mycenaeans and Argives, 1,450 BC, Thracian Bessi)

d) Homo s. giganteus anatolicus = Anatolid (Anatolian Mysians and Nesites invading the Hattians)

Variety 8: Scythids­: Homo s. giganteus scythicus = Scythid (one branch of Palaeo-Siberian tribes

   and Ugroid hunters got Iranised and seemingly Europeanised in the Iranian semiarid grasslands   

   and emerged in the Middle East as the ethnic group of Scythoids)

a) Homo s. giganteus scythicus = Scythids (group of kurgan-builders and mummifiers in Central Asia)

b) Homo s. giganteus armenicus = Armenid (Scythini, Moxoene, Moschi, Moscici, Mushkoi) 

c) Homo s. giganteus abchasicus = Abkhazid, Maeotid (Maikop kurgan builders)

d) Homo s. giganteus scythicus = Scythids (Scythians, Medes, Sogdians, Sacae)

e) Homo s. giganteus semiticus, leptorrhine aquiline noses was observed also in Jews and Semites

although Hebrews belonged to the Microlithic stock; their Scythoid strain was due to Midians

Variety 9: Ukrainids: descendants of Magna Scythia ranging from the Ukraine to the Vistula

a) Homo s. giganteus ucrainicus­ = Ukrainid­ (Scytho-Ukrainians, descendants of Magna Scythia)

b) Homo s. giganteus vistulanus­ = Vistulan (progeny of Globular Amphorae on the Vistula, 3400 BC)

c) Homo s. giganteus beskidus­ = Beskid­ (the Beskid Highlands in Poland, Slovakia, Moravia)

Variety 10: Mongolids: the core of modern Mongolians is classified as Scythoid descendants of the

   Upper Palaeolithic Ordosian culture with Moustero-Levalloisian elements; it is noted for long

   lanceo-late blades; cupolar mammoth-bone huts turned into dome-shaped chum tents with a

   cylindrical base; their phenotype exhibits also Tungusoid and Uraloid admixtures

a) Homo sapiens asiaticus (Linné 1758) = Mongolide > Mongolid

a′) Homo sapiens giganteus ordosianus­ = Eteo-Mongolid (epi-Ordosian pastoralists)

Variety 11: Sindhids­: remains of Scythian megalith-builders and beehive-dwellers in India

a) Homo s. indogiganteus­ = Sindhid­ (Sindh, Toda, Khasi)

b) Homo s. indobrachimorphus (Giuffrida-Ruggeri 1917) = Indobrachide > Sindhid (Sindh, Toda)  
c) Homo s. indogiganteus mundaicus
­ = Mundaid­ (Munda, Mundari and Santali in northeast India)

Variety 12: Ugrids: Homo s. giganteus palaemongolicus (Eickstedt 1937, ex 1934) =  


   > Ugrid (the Mansi, Khanty and Yugra survivors of Palaeolithic mammoth-hunters)
a) Homo s. g. ugrianus (Gregory 1921, ex Deniker 1889) = Westsibiride  > Ugrid, Sibero-Ugrid

b) Homo s. g. palaesibiricus = Palämongolide > Mongolid (Saka tribes with deer stones)

c) Homo s. g. koryacus­ = Koryak type (Koryak, Nivkh, Ket precursors of American Algonquinds)

d) Homo s. g. coreanus­ = Korean type (the Paekche tribes with megalithic burials in pyramid mounds)

Variety 13: Algonquinds­: Homo s. giganteus americanus, American buffalo-hunters living in  

beehive  wigwams and burying their dead in mound graves, they range in the prairies of the Great Plains 

a) Homo s. giganteus americanus algonquinus = Silvidi, Planidi (Biasutti 1941) > Algonquind

b) Homo s. g. latinoamericanus andinus (Giuffrida-Ruggeri 1912) = Andide > Andid (Inca, Quechua)

c) Homo s. g. l. centralis (Eickstedt 1937, Deniker 1900) = Zentralide > Mexicid (Mexican Mixtec)

Uraloid hunters and Comb Ware cultures with burial exposition on scaffolds

Lanceolithic Uralic Estono-Marids: Uralic big-mammal hunters with the Comb Ware and Lanceolithic industry (retouched stemmed lanceolate projectile points for lances, spears and arrows derived from Mousterian and Solutrean leaf-shaped lanceheads, provided with a stem inserted into the haft; a younger offshoot of Homo s. giganteus related to Ugrids but diluted in the environment of Altaic tribes and bearing some typical Mongolic traits such as epicanthus, eye-fold, fat eye-lid, high protruding cheekbones, high flattish face and shovel-like incisors; however, its genuine intraspecial traits such as light, yellow and reddish skin, light brown or red hair, large-headed skull and tall stature were closer to Ugrids; pertinence to chromosomal Y-haplogroup N; their architecture differed from the round cupolar beehive tents by pitching up marquee tents with several vertices in corners; in contrast to the dome-shaped circular hillforts of Ugrids, they grew into quadrangular castles with towers and rich crenellation in corners; their dead forefathers were buried by exposition on scaffolds or by chariot burials where the interred skeleton was accompanied by the dead mans chariot and horses; astrotheist religion, astral annunciation of baby-kings, sky burials by exposition in craters of volcanoes, lycanthropy, wolfine totemism, bovine blood-letting, their proposed designation should be Estono-Marids derived from the phratries of Estonians, Cheremis/Sarmis,  Meru, Mari and Mordvin

Subspecies VII: Homines sapientes estomomarici (leiotrichi, Eickstedt 1937, ex Bory 1825)

Variety 1: Uralids: moose-hunters in the subarctic north and horse-herders in south Merya region

a) Homo s. e. uralicus (Fischer 1830, ex Desmoulins 1826) = †Fennonordide > Uralid, Uralo-Marid

b) Homo s. e. mordvinicus (Fischer 1830, ex Desmoulins 1826) = Uralid (the Mordvin, Merya,

   Murom and Meru core of Uralic Estono-Marids engaged in horse-herding  

c) Homo s. estonomaricus finnus (Fischer 1830, ex Desmoulins 1826) = †Fennonordide, Aisto-Nordid  > Finno-Marid: Estonians and other northern varieties of Uralids; the Nordic admixture is 

  due to  the Gothish Corded Ware and the Finnish designation to Lapps; the red-haired and large-

  faced  brachycephals in Finnland (Tavastids), Merya and Komi are actually Ugrids. Only Savonids   

   from Savonia province and partly also the Inari Lapps contain a genuine Finno-Marid element

Variety 2: Sibirids, Ostyakids: Homo s. estonomaricus asiaticus = Sibirid, a younger branch of

   Mongolids, who spread the Chulmun/Jeulmun Comb Ware of Uralic type in the 6th century BC;

   they propagated Uraloid languages with collective t-plurals to Mongolia, Korea, Japan and Tibet

a) Homo s. e. palaesibiricus = Eastern Uralids (Mongolian Mergids, Ostyaks, Koreans and Japanese

   Moriya tribes, who descend from the Chulmun/Jeulmun Comb Ware diffusion in the 6th mill.BC)

b) Homo s. e. palaeasiaticus (Gregory 1921) = Ostsibiride > Sibirid (Ostyaks, Uelens)

c) †Homo sapiens asiaticus (Linné 1758) = Mongolide (Eicksted 1934) > Mongolid 

c) Homo s. estonomaricus asiaticus = Mongolide (Eicksted 1934) > Mongolid 

d) the Muslim Moro tribes in the Philippines and the Ariki upper-caste aristocracy in Polynesia

Variety 3:  Sarmatids, Sarmatian mutations of Uralids (Sarmatians were Uralic tribes that were

   acculturated and absorbed by the Iranian neighbourhood in the steppes north of western

   Kazakhstan, they were Uralic moose-hunters, who transformed into Sarmatian horse-herders),

   about 4000 BC they conquered Mesopotamia as Sumerians and Shubartu tribes

a) Homo s. estonomaricus sarmaticus = Sarmatid (Sintashta-Petrovka culture, 2100 BC)

b) Homo s. eur. pamiriensis (Giuffrida-Ruggeri 1912) = Pamiride (a subtype of Fergana Valley

   residents classified as Turanids owing to the Turcoid environment

b′)  Homo s. estonomaricus pamiriensis > Ishkashmid­ (Fergana Valley people encompassing

   the Sarmatoid tribes of Shughni, Rushani and Ishkashmi clans

c) Homo s. estonomaricus sumericus­ = Sumerid­ (Sumer, Shumer, Shubartu, Mesopotamian


from Sintashta Sarmatia known as donkey-breeders speaking an agglutinative tongue, 4000 BC)

d) Homo s. estonomaricus asiaticus (Linné 1758) = Asiatid (Asii or Asoi in Central Asia and Oxiana

   on the Oxus river, Yuezhi known as arid-steppe pastoralists attacking China from about 176 BC)

e) Homo s. e. assyricus = Assyrid (assimilated Sumerians noted for hooked and convex noses)

f) Homo s. estonomaricus syriacus (Kraitschek 1902, ex Chamberlain 1899) = Armenide > Armenid:

   modern Syrian progeny of Assyrids with higher percentages of hook-nosed Scythoids

g) Homo s. estonomaricus semiticus, the pure Semitic blood circulates only in a small subgroup of 

  Jews who are genuine heirs of Samaran, Samaritan or Syrian heritage and share astrotheistic

   beliefs in baby-kings begotten by the pre-Mahometan deities of Mæjram and Esus

h) Homo s. estonomaricus mauritanicus = Maurid­ (the Hyksos and Amorite wild horseback-raiders,

   who separated about 2100 BC from the Ossetic ancestors Ossii in the Caucasus, around 1800 BC

they looted the Lower Egypt and then they invaded the Mauritanian regions of northwest Africa)

i) Homo s. estonomaricus amharicus­ = Amharid­,  Amharian cattle breeders in Ethiopia, who spread  the Pastoralist Neolithic culture (4500 BC) with painted ostrich egg in graves

j) Homo s. estonomaricus axumiticus et meroiticus­, the elites of Amharids reigning in the ancient

   realms of Axum, Meroe and Sheba from 800 BC to 600 BC

Variety 4: Norids: Around 750 BC the Sarmatian Yazygi and Roxolani invaded Puszta grasslands and became known as Norici, Slavinised Marharii and Boihemi and Germanised Marcomanni

a) Homo s. estonomaricus noricus = Norid (Lebzelter 1929, Coon 1939), the pastoralist culture of

   the Sarmatian Jász people in the Danube river basin)

b) Homo s. estonomaricus hallstatticus = Hallstatt Nordid (Hallstatt culture, c. 750 BC)

c) Homo s. estonomaricus romanus = Marsid (around c. 740 BC the Hallstattians tribes of Marsi,

   Volsci, Osci and Boii settled down in north and central Italy and seized rule in ancient Rome; their

fraternal hosts drove to France and Spain as Celtised Volcae Tectosages)

Variety 5: Tibetid: the southern promontories of Sarmatids that share their archaic tendencies such

  as astrotheism, astral annunciation of baby-kings, sky burials  with exposition of the dead in the

  craters of volcanoes, lycanthropy, wolfine totemism, bovine blood-letting and blood-leeching,

  Tibetan, Arabic and Bedouin marquee tents attest common archaic origins as early as 4000 BC,

  they appear also in America and the Argentinian toldo tents of Tehuelche Indians; Tibetan epic on

  conquests of Gesar the hero is of much later origin

a) Homo arabicus (Bory de St. Vincent, 1825) = Orientalide > Arabid

a′) Arabid, Homo s. estonomaricus arabicus, Arabic and Bedouin arid-desert nomadic camel-

   breeders with four-pitch marquee tents, who came from the Sumerian colonisation, 4000 BC?)

   and wore white ankle-length garment thawb or thobe; breeding the one-hunch dromedary emerged

   in south Arabia about 3000 BC and the two-hunch camel in Bactria around 2500 BC > Arabid

b) Homo s. estonomaricus tibetus = Tibetid (nomadic yak-breeders with four-pitch marquee tents)

Gravettian Pyrolithic Lappids

Gravettian Pyrolithic Lappids: the race of short-statured people with short legs and trunk but longer arms, they exhibit high manual dexterity as well as mental adroitness; chief traits are low-skulled brachycephalous cranium, greater interorbital distance and the nose with concave profile and an upturned tip; the face is gracile and gives a paedomorphous infantile look; the hair is of ulotrichous peppercorn type, it is usually curly or frizzly; the endomorphous figure displays tendencies to matronism, occasional steatopygia and lordosis in women and higher levels of subcutaneous fat in men; women have long cylindrical breasts, fat thighs and Venus-like appearance; their ABO blood group is A and their Y-haplogroups are O and A; cultural features include cremation rituals and customs to deposit the ashes of dead ancestors in sacks on tent-poles; dwellings are built as lean-to tents, semi-subterranean huts and sauna-like sweat houses; omnivorous subsistence is based on hunting with blowing-pipes and blowguns that shoot birds by poisoned arrows; subsidiary nutrition is provided by mushrooming, toadstools are employed for poisoning alchemy; pyrolithic customs use hot stones in cooking and heating in sweat houses; languages are of isolating type with monosyllabic words and reduplicative morphology, the consonant repertory prefers palatal stops, affricates and clicks, velars undergo satemisation, vowels distinguish nasal vowels and carry out fronting after palatals; prosody reckons with phonologically relevant tonality and melodic versification; favourite genres are trickster tales, comic interludes, humoresque stories and picaresque novels

Subspecies VIII: Homo sapiens lappicus/lapponicus = Lappid (Sinid, Alpinid, Pygmid, Negritid)

Ancestors: Homo habilis, Homo sapiens floresiensis 

Variety 1: Sinids, Sino-Lappids =  Homines sapientes sinici (Y-DNA haplogroups O3, O3d, O3e)

Subvariety 1: Homo s. sinicus meridianus (Liu 1937) = Südsinide, South Sinid (Biasutti 1967)

a) Homo s. s. meridianus = Chukiangid, a subgroup of South Sinids settled along the Chu Khang river 

b) Homo s. s. cantonensis = Kantonide (Eickstedt 1938), Kwangtungid (Lundman 1967) > Cantonid

c) Homo s. s. annamiticus = Annamitid (the short-sized tribal population in Central Vietnam)

Subvariety 2:  the northernmost varieties of Lapponoid Sinids with the Y-DNA haplogroup O3

a) Homo s. s. curilanus (Fischer 1830, ex Desmoulins 1826) = Ainuide (Eickstedt, 1937),  Kurilian

   (Cheboksarov, 1951) > Ainuid

b) Homo s. s. athabascanus = Athabaskid (Athapaskan tribes in British Columbia, after 200 AD)

Variety 2: Indids, Andronovan colonisation of cremation burials from Burma to India, Kazakhstan and South Russia that took place in several stages from 1800  BC to 1500 BC

a) Indo-Alpinids (Punjabi, Kashmiri, Cemetery H Culture, 1800 BC, cremations with widows sacri-

ficed on funeral pyres, a chain of Buddhist cremation burials from Burma to Punjab and Pakistan)

b) Afghano-Alpinids (the Waigali and Kalasha people in the Nuristani province of Afghanistan)

c) Homo s. s. andronovanensis = Andronovan: populations of the Andronovo urnfielders (1500 BC)

in Kazakhstan and South Russia

Variety 3: Colchids, the Middle East leftovers of Lapponoid Sinids after their migrations to Africa

a) Homo s. s. sumericus: Sumerian lower-class minority of coffee-bean people with Mongolic

   slanting eyes; they spoke the female language Eme-sal with Sinoid reduplicative morphology

b) Homo s. s. chaldeicus = Chaldeid­: the hypothetical group of Lappids in Babylon and the Near East

c) Homo s. s. trialeticus et colchicus = Colchid­ (tribes of cremating incinerators from Colchis and

   Trialeti culture in Georgia, 3000 BC, ancestors of the Greek Hellenes, Ionians and Aeolians)

d) Homo s. s. anatolicus et graecus = Hellenids, Ionids (from *Alviones), Aeolids (from *Alvioles)

   (tribes of cremating incinerators with cremation burials, hut-urns and face-urns, 1700 BC, they

developed tonal accents and melodic versification of Annamite origin)

Variety 4: Negritids, Homo s. negrito (Kleinschmidt 1922) = Negritid (Malay race, Y-hg O2-P31)

a) Homo s. n. semang (Schebesta 1937) = Semangid (a short race with black skin and ulotrichous

   peppercorn hair, the Semang of Malaysia, the Maniq-Sakai people of Thailand)
) Homo s. n. senoicus (Giuffrida-Ruggeri 1912) = Senoid (short brachycephals but partly Weddids)

c) Homo s. negrito indicus (Irula, Kodar, Paniyan, Kurumba, Pulayan, Kadar, Chenchu in India)

d) Homo s. n. mineopaeus (Pycraft 1925) = Andamanid (Sentinelese, Onges and Andamanese

   peoples in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands) 

e) Homo s. n. philippinensis (Giuffrida-Ruggeri 1912) = Aetid (Aeta people, Ati, Agta tribes in the

   Philippines, Batak in Palavan, the northern branch of Negrito with the Y haplogroup O3-M122)

f) Homo s. v. toala (Giuffrida-Ruggeri 1912, ex Sarasin 1905) = Toalid (Sulawesi, Indonesia)

g) Homo s. n. burmensis = Taronid (Tarons 129.5 cm tall in Burma, the Derung in Yunnan, China)

Variety 5: Negrillos (Pygmies, Afro-Lappids, Galla Ethiopids), they came from Southeast Asia during the Great Negrito colonisation that was evidenced by cremations at Lake Mungo in Australia (62,000 BC); about 33,000 BC they landed on European coasts as the Gravettian Furfooz race

Homines sapientes pygmaei (Giuffrida-Ruggeri 1912) = Pigmidi (Biasutti, 1967) > Afro-Lappids

a) Homo sapiens pygmaeus = Negrillo (Cole, 1965) or Négrille (Vallois, 1968), Pigmidi

   (Biasutti, 1967): forest tribes with stature not surpassing 140 cm, peppercorn hair, broad noses

b) Homo s. p. akkalis (Haeckel 1898, Lundman, 1967, 1988, Knussmann, 1996) = Bambutid: a group

   of Negrillos represented by the Akka, Ba Mbute, Twa Cva,  Ba Twa, Ba Mbute, people with brown-

   black peppercorn hair, yellowish brown skin and great interorbital distance

c) Homo sapiens pygmaeus congicus = Pigmidi (Biasutti, 1967) > Pygmid 

d) Homo s. p. camerunensis = Twid (Gusinde 1950) > Mbengid (western Pygmids including the

   tribes of Mbenga, Bongo, Gyele and Kola in Cameroon and Gabon)

e) Homo s. p. rwandensis = Twid (Gusinde 1950): short swamp Pygmoid people Twa or Batwa

Variety 6: Semi-Pygmids: the Chadic, Galla and Ewe-Igbo tribes in Central and North Africa

Homo sapiens semipygmaeus = Pigmidi (Biasutti, 1967) > Semi-Pygmid, Afro-Alpinid

a) Homo sapiens s. mauritiensis = Mauro-Alpinid (chain of Lappids from Egypt to Morocco)

b) Homo sapiens s. sudanicus = Semi-Pygmids (Hausa, Galla, masculine o-stems, feminine o-stems)

c) Homo sapiens semipygmaeus tchadensis = Chadids (Bolewa, Vandala)

d) Homo sapiens semipygmaeus Ewe-Igbo = Igboid (tonal languages with reduplicative grammar)

Variety 7: Sanids, Kalaharids, Bushmen in southwest Africa

Homines sapientes pygmaei calaharici = Sanids, Kalaharids, affiliated with the Kongo Pygmids

a) †H. s. h. huzuana (Fischer 1830, ex Desmoulins) = Sanid, Sanids crossbred with Mongolic Khoids
) H. s. h. pygmaeus sanicus = Sanid, omnivorous hunters, not to be mistaken with Strandlopers

b) H. s. pygmaeus calaharicus = Kalaharid, Sanids crossbred with Mongolic Khoids

Table 22. The subdivisions of principal racial groups

   This proposal of systematic taxonomy does not focus on individual racial varieties as autonomous independent units that originated in situ recently anew as a result of adaptation to the local natural milieu and climatic conditions. It emphasises the decisive role of genetic inheritance and intermingling that incites the rise of new cultivars. Most living races survive as assimilated remains of Palaeolithic genotypes and represent their derived and depleted residues. The ancient genotypes displayed the best expression of primordial genetic tendencies, while their modern survivals only linger and languish. As a consequence, they display less extreme grades of characteristic markers. Most surviving races form transitional and hybrid mesoraces with diminished quantities of properties common to their Palaeolithic progenitors. This is why their detailed description gets astray in lots of secondary peculiarities acquired by mixing with heterogeneous neighbours. The most important conclusion is that the primary task of anthropology does not consist in describing the surviving hybrid remnants but in reconstructing the original rudimentary Palaeolithic forms and genetic prototypes.

   The above-given account of systematic taxonomy counts with eight primary subspecies and hundreds of their racial varieties or ‘ethno-nests’ that arose as stopovers on their migratory colonisations. Their travels resemble continuous chains lined with settlements bearing ethnonymic place names designating a couple, quartet or dozen of tribal phratries. At first glance, toponomastics appears as a sort linguistic archaeology, whose digs lack reliable dating. Yet the composition of repeated names of phratries suggests relative chronology that makes it possible to compare different migratory routes and determine their mutual succession or temporal sequences. So it becomes clear that the Negrito have a poorer and more archaic set of phratries than Sinids, the tribal structure of Sinids preceded that of the African Negrillos and the Gravettian plantation was derived from the Galla colony in Abyssinia. The most urgent task is to reconstruct ethnic diasporas that beam out of the primordial cradleland and jut out radially in principal mainstreams. Their networks join regional races and ethnic groups into complex tree graphs that show coincidences between lineages of place names, archaeological colonisations, linguistic, ethnic and racial families as well as genealogies of genetic haplogroups. Their distribution and isolines hardly ever agree in details but in general they confirm structural congruity and ethnic consanguinity.


Extract from Pavel Bělíček: The Synthetic Classification of Human Phenotypes and Varieties, Prague: Urania 2019, pp. 58-68












1 Pavel Bělíček: The Atlas of Systematic Anthropology. vol. 1, The Synthetic Classification of Human Varieties. Prague 2018.

2 H. V. Vallois: Las races humaines. 8th ed., Grammont, 1971.

3 H. Vedder: Die Bergdama. Hamburg 1923.

1  L. Balout: Préhistoire de l'Afrique du Nord. Paris: Arts et Métiers Graphiques, 1955.