The Subcategorisation of Linguistic Disciplines

     A similar system may be suggested for classifying linguistic disciplines, and for literary sciences (stylistics and poetics), which act as their extensions. For the needs of their formalisation we may define simple definitions of linguistic disciplines such that every field of linguistic study will be reduced to the procedure of generating output elements from the elements of the input set.










F  =   [E, +, -]

V  =  [F, +, -]

K  =  [V, +, -]

W =  [K, +, -]

M =  [W, +, -]

C  =  [M, +, -]

S  =  [C, +, -]

U  =  [S, +, -]

P  =  [U, +, -]

composes sounds from acoustic features.

composes syllables from sounds.

composes morphemes from syllables and sounds.

composes words from morphemes.

composes syntactic constituents from words.

composes clauses from syntactic constituents.

composes complex sentences from clauses.

composes utterances from complex sentences.

composes works of art from utterances.

 E     →  F   →  V    →  K  →    W   →     M   →    C  →    S   →     U   →    P

[E, +]→ F

             [F, +]→V

                        [V, +]→K

                                     [K, +]→W

                                                  [W, +] → M

                                                                  [M, +]→ C

                                                                                [C, +] →  S

                                                                                                [S, +] →U

                                                                                                             [U, +]→ P


phonetics  syllabics  morphematics lexicology  morphology syntax  syntactics   stylistics   poetics

Table 11 The system of classification and ordering of linguistic disciplines

    Table 11 illustrates an easy way to formalise physical sciences, Table 12 shows how to shape and build formal micro-linguistics. The notation proposed solves the inner partitioning of linguistic disciplines and demonstrates how to assign grammatical rules. What it does not solve is the origin and descent of languages and their prehistoric evolution. The same objection applies to physical sciences. Composing elementary particles into chemical elements or molecules into crystals have never been seen as a natural process, they remain just dreams of applied sciences. The real evolution proceeded just the other way round, from galaxies and solar systems to planets where hyperon and neutron plasma grew tough into crystals, rare rocks and heavy metals.  


Extract from P. Bělíček: Ad reformandum universitatem: Towards a Reform of Modern University Studies. London - Berlin - Prague 2008, p. 23-24.