Systematic methodology

Systematic ethnology

 Systematic anthropology                 

Systematic linguistics

Population geogenetics

Systematic poetics

 Systematic folkloristics




Prehistoric tribes

 Prehistoric races

Prehistoric languages

Prehistoric archaeology

   Prehistoric religions

Prehistoric folklore











*     Racial taxonomy

*     Ethnical taxonomy

*     Europids

*     Nordids

*     Indids

*     Littoralids

*     Caucasoids

*     Elamitoids

*     Negrids

*     Melanids

*     Tungids

*     Pelasgids

*     Cimbroids

*     Turanids 

*     Ugro-Scythids

*     Uralo-Sarmatids

*     Lappids

*     Sinids



*     Spain                France

*     Italy       Benelux

*      Britain         Celts

*      Scandinavia  

*     Germany

*     Balts        Slavs

*     Greece

*     Anatolia




The Anthropology of Lappids and Sinids

Clickable terms are red on the yellow background





Map 12. Indices of shortsized stature in Lappids (after R. Biasutti)

(Pavel Bělíček: The Synthetic Classification of Human Phenotypes and Varieties. Prague 2018, p. 97, Map 12)


The distribution and ethnic identification of high rates of the blood group A









































The Racial Varieties of the Far East

The current state of sinology and Chinese prehistoric studies bears much resemblance to the situation in neighbouring parts of Eurasia. Their valuable results are marred by prejudices surmising that cultures of prehistoric archaeology are extinct and forever dead, so they are of no import for the living languages and nations. Such theories of extinction believe that the ancients departed for eternal hunting grounds and in the Middle Ages they were replaced by several generations of newborns. In contrast to these preconceptions, Transparenztheorie opines that ancient official standards and monumental landmarks perished but folk art, folk architecture and folk customs survived in residual ruins and endure without great losses in cultural, ethnic, phonological and genetic character. Modern languages, races, nations and religions are new hybrid formations and as such they are not worth of systematic study. Systematic biology does not waste much time with enquiring into our domestic mongrel pets, either. Both fields of study scrutinise races sub species of the paleontological genera and the evolutionary past.

As a result, the racial categories of Sinids and Mongoids are full of erroneous misnomers because they encompass all ethnic minorities that have been merged in the melting-pot of the Chinese administrative statehood. The most urgent goal of comparative anthropology is to reconstruct the approximate shapes of Palaeolithic racial complexes and draw the genuine eteo-races from hidden allo-races surviving as lice in the fur coat of the living moderns. Groups of false Sinids that arose as a result of secondary Sinisation are as follows.

   Hmongid Negrids. The racial variety of the Hmong–Mien or MiaoYao group has to be reclassified as Sino-Negrids because of several infallible physiological and cultural traits. From its surrounding it diverges by relatively high indices of nasal chamaerrhinia amounting to values from 82.9 to 86.9. Its eastern settlements reach even higher levels of nasal indices with broad noses ranging from 87.0 to 91.9. Archaic linguistic survivals of Negroid heritage are not negligible, either. They include  prenasalised stops mb-, nd-, ng-, the SVO and NA word order, adherence to open syllables in monosyllabic word, i.e. omitting coda consonants and dropping final consonants or glides.

   Huanghoid Khitanids. The province of North China is inhabited by the so-called Huanghoids, who got their name after the ‘Yellow River’ (Huang Ho). They are fallaciously regarded as the Sinids proper, although they share tendencies of partly Europoid physiognomy. They gain subsistence as millet farmers settled in fertile riverside lowlands and show Europoid rather than Mongolic traits. They have weak cheek-bones, leptorrhine noses and pale yellow skin colour. Their appurtenance to the Europoid axe-tool makers is evidenced in their dolichocephalous skulls and tall statures. They must be related to the Mesolithic immigrants of the Japanese, Korean and Chinese Jomon culture (14,000 BC) that was remarkable for manufacturing pottery in the European manner of the Goths’ Corded Ware. They must be associated with the Khitan tribes, and instead of Huanghoids they should be referred to as Khitanids.

   Zhuang Elamitoids. The third class of classic Eurasian agriculturalists is represented by the Zhuang people, who profess the religious creed of Moism or Shigongism. They preach ancestral cults paying respect to elderly fathers and expressing filial piety to their sacred remembrance. They also adhere to elementalism that explains the origins of the world from the connubial intercourse between primordial elements of heaven, earth, and water. Such superstitions unmistakably betray the alien ethnic faction of Elamitoids classified traditionally as the racial type of Caucasoids.

   Kam-Dong people. Tibetan provinces of China are inhabited by the ethnic group of the Kam-Dong people, who are remarkable for building covered bridges similar to the style common in the Toscan neighbourhood of Florence. Their ethnic affiliation is difficult to trace back to absolute origins.

   Manchu Tungids. The dominant position in northeast China is held by the red-tasseled Manchu. They underwent acculturation in China but descend from Tungids and Tungusic raiders drifting from the Siberian north. They are notable for such Mongolic races as the flat face, slanted eyes, epicanthus, fat eyelids, sinodonty, shovel-like incisors, and high prominent cheekbones.

   Khampas. These inhabitants of the mountainous province of Kham in east Tibet are renowned for military skills of marksmanship and horse-riding cavalry. Their figure is tall and robust.   Their somatic, ethnic and social traits are reminiscent of Uralids and Sarmatids. It is vital to point out that the western half of Mongolia displays the genetic pool of Uralids with the Y-haplotype N and the eastern half of Mongolia exhibits the genetic pool of Tungids with their characteristic Y-genotype C.

   Chukiangid Lappids. The term of Sinids can be applied rightfully only to Chukiangids, who are often regarded as the ‘South Sinid proper subvariety’. It got its name after the Chu Khang (Xi) river in South China but it may be related to the ethnonym of Changs and appreciated as a genuine tribal name. Today Chukiangids are short and mildly brachycephalic types with slightly concave and depressed noses. They speak the language Hakka, dubbed in western literature as Cantonese. It is spoken chiefly in the southeast province of China known as Canton, Guangdong or Kwang-tung. So Eickstedt was right to give them the name of Kwangtungids1 and Bertil Lundman (1967) was justified in efforts to term them as Kantonids.2

   Annamitids. The second group of genuine Sinids, who acted as forefathers of the Negrito and all Lapponoid populations in Southeast Asia, are Annamitids residing in the Vietnamese province of Annam. They do not have the short dwarfish figure of Negrids but show the shortest rates of height among Indochinese peoples. Their skulls are brachycephalic and hypsicranic and their faces are very gracile. The nose is leptorrhine and higher than in other varieties of Sinids.

An important criterion in determining ancient races is the issue of religion. The Chinese Sinids tended to profess popular Taoism and their ‘Alpenoid’ Indo-Lappids reformulated its determinism in the Indic Buddhism. Hindi incinerators tended to practise Buddhism, r-Turcoids Shivaism, s-Indo-Iranians Brahmanism and k-Dravidians Vishnuism. These ethnic grouping were dispersed all over the Indian subcontinent in more or less populous enclaves and in local administration they locked in hierarchised caste-divided societies. In North India the highest social layer was formed by Aryas, later reincarnated as Rajputs. The Europoid Brahmans had to content with the privileged position of upper clergy and a priestly caste. In the Dravidian south the military hegemony ensured economic welfare to Palaeo-Scythian cattle-breeders (Gondi, Braui, Kuvi, Toda). They introduced megalith-buildings to Sindh and Deccan provinces about 2,500 BC and applied a sort of feudal exchange of labour with local Elamitoid peasantry. Their word-stock is remarkable for using k-plurals, whereas Elamitoid farmers developed lexical substance characterised by b-plurals.


The Cultural Patterns of Lappids and Pygmids


In the prehistoric past the Uralids sent their dead out on a journey to the underworld and exposed them in the wilderness in order to let their bones get rid of flesh by birds of prey. The Lappids and Uralids practiced burial rites that left no palpable after-death remains. Lapponoid races burnt their dead fathers’ remains by cremation and deposited the ashes in sacks hanging on tent-poles along forest paths. For palaeontologists such customs made them invisible and distorted also the evidence of archaeological excavations. This is why their Palaeolithic fates remain bedimmed by the thick mist of mystery. For some authors their most probable cradle-land lies among the Bushmen in Namibia and South Africa. For others the primordial birthplace is located in Vietnamese Annam and the Cantonese province of China.

   Sound arguments for ‘out-of-Asia theories’ point out that Southeast Asia is the native place of Sinoid tonal languages and the short-sized Anammite race. Its subsistence exhibits higher rates of insectivorous alimentation and omnivorous diet. Its tribesmen lived in nomadic circulation and lacked firm ties with land possession. About 62,000 BP their populations sailed on bark rafts throughout islands of the Southern Seas as far as Australia and Tasmania. Their presence was everywhere evidenced by finds of human ashes and burnt bones. Remains of their characteristic cremation burials were discovered in a site at Lake Mungo in Australia. There is little consensus in their periodisation, some authors bring arguments for later origin of 32,000 years BP.1 The tropical climate and the local Melanesian neighbourhood mutated their countenance and gave them the dark-skin shades of the Negrito ethnic group.

   The Negrito populations in South East Asia must be considered only as a side branch of Sinids, who got astray on their travels all over the Sunda subcontinent. After 10,000 BP the withdrawal of glaciation warmed up the seas, raised the sea level and flooded islands with high waters. The cultural domain of Sinids is nowadays visible only thanks to the unity of isolating languages of Chinese type. Anthropologists regard them as a racial group of shorter brachycephals with the blood group A. They pertain to the Y-DNA haplogroup O that encompasses Indochina, Tibet, Malaysia and Korea with Japan. One of reliable distinguishing marks of their stock are burial practices of cremation rites although they became rarer in China and their centre shifted to India. The most populous wave of their propagation to Punjab was launched by the spread of the Cemetery H culture (1800 BC). Its continuation was the appearance of the Andronovan techno-complex with incineration practices in south Russia around 1500 BC. Its westward move was probably brought about by the invasion of Aryan herdsmen into India dated to 1600 BC. The route from Burma to Punjab was brought back to life again by the dissemination of Buddhism after 600 BC. It teaching was associated with Chinese Taoism that professed strict lawful determinism and preached liturgy based on incineration rites.

  The mainstream of Lapponoid urnfielders penetrated into Europe from several directions. The northern branch of wanderers colonised the settlements of Samoyeds and Lapplanders. In due course they were assimilated by Uralic peoples. The middle branch arrived in Central Europe and contributed to the rise of Slavonic nations. They formed the earlier Palaeo-Slavonic layer of settlers and their women looked like Venuses of Dolní Věstonice. The ceramic arts of Neolithic farmers induced them to bury the ashes in urns and resulted in the rise of hybrid Stroked Ware cultures. A new wave arrived in the Danube basin with the hosts of Lusatian Urnfielders (1300 BC) famed for their burial rows of urns. Their tribesmen probably looked like Russian muzhiks clad in shirts called rubashkas and lived in semisubterranean earthen houses (zemlyankas).

  The southern branch of Lapponoid tribes made for the Near East and found new homes in Africa. Their migrants were probably identical to the Mesopotamian people with the slanting coffee-bean eyes who spoke the reduplicative female language Eme-sal. In Africa their wanderers underwent a long period of acculturation that gave them the dark-skinned appearance of Pygmies and Negrillos. Their bark rafts accessed Europe from Gibraltar, Malta, Sicily and Libya and imported a lot of African cultural and linguistic loans. Their tribes enriched the Gravettian racial element by ethnic admixtures of African Bantu nations. Their contributions finally resulted in the amalgamative synthesis of Keltoid, Romance and Italic cultures with North African roots. The final phase of their colonisations came about 1800 BC when Spain and Britain welcomed the heralds of the Cinerary Urns. This ethnic faction assisted Basque and Scottish landlords in their megalith-building labours. Despite their subservient social position they later overpopulated their oppressors and made them fuse with the wide masses of dwarfish brown-haired Keltoid, Gallic and Gaelic newcomers. Their dialects were not intelligible to Slavs in Eastern Europe because they were infiltrated with a lot of Africanisms. Notwithstanding, both mainstreams of Gravettian colonists peopled Eurasia with the new social class of diligent plebeian workers, who excelled in manual labours and urban crafts.

  The flourish of Gravettian cultures started around 33,000 BP and united several currents of migrants. Their arts were renowned for carving ivory Venuses, whose distribution spread from Siberia Mal’ta to the west ends of Spain. Their famous chef-d’œuvre was the Venus figurine of Dolní Věstonice, which displayed the typical physiognomy of Sanid Bushwomen: a round head with short curly hair, long hanging breasts, matronism, thick thighs (steatopygia) and lumbar lordosis. Another infallible sign were Gravettian trapezoid lean-to huts with one-slope roofs. Their people flooded entire Eurasia and populated its mountainous regions with the brachycephalous Furfooz race. Its modern progeny is seen in the Lapps and Tirolese Alpines renowned by melodic chants with yodeling. Rich evidence of ritual cremations is missing but a convincing proof is offered ex post by their Neolithic descendants who manufactured the Stroked Ware. The invention of pottery made them replace sacks of cremated ashes with ceramic hut-urns and face-urns. This dramatic change of burial customs made their urnfields shine transparently through the settlements of Eurasian farmers. A noninterchangeable trait in their funerary urns was the decoration full of broken meanders and key patterns. It was peculiar also to the Lusatians, Ainu, Australian Negrito, Athapaskans, Monte Albán in Mexico as well as Colli Albani in Italy.

  The early beginnings of the Sinids and Negritos in Southeast Asia are hard to detect since they were sprouting on the Sunda subcontinent that disappeared under deep waters after interglacial warming. Nevertheless, their migratory travels can be reconstructed in the following routes and lineages.










































The Classification of Lappids


Pygmids (Y-hg A0) → Ewe-Igbo semi-Pygmids →  Kalahari Sanids → Congo Bambutids → Galla Ethiopids (transmutation of Y-hg A into the more dominant haplogroup E-M78).

Galla Ethiopids → Levant Lappids → West Anatolian Lappids → Epirotic Albanids (Y-hg E-V13) → Gravettians.

Gravettians (33,000 BP), one-slope lean-to huts, Venuses with curly hair and Pygmoid physiology, brachycephaly, matronism, long breasts, lordosis European Epi-Gravettian (10,000 BC) Alpines [brachycephalous Furfooz race, 7000 BC] Stroked Ware (hut-urns, face-urns, 4500 BC) Serbians + Slavs + Lugians +  Luchane + Milchane.

Lusatian culture (short-sized Lapponoids 1300 BC) Wends + Croatians + Czechs + Lakhs.

Gaelids → Deverel cinerary urns (1800 BC) (Avalon in African Mauritania) Celtiberi Galicians (Spain) Veneti (Vannes, Armorica) Gwened (Breton)  British Celts (Gaels and Albanians in Scotland)

Annamite epicentre (first southward migrations 62,000 BC) → Sinids → Kuangids → Negritos.

Annamites ­ Samoyeds) →Ainu → Chukchees → Hokan Indians (California) → Arawaks (9500 BC) → Maipurean Chiquitos.

Athapaskans: Chukchees Na-Dene group Athapaskans (1500 BC).

Indids [cremations burials with widows, ashes put into a sack and hung on a tent-pole] Hindu Cemetery H culture (Punjab 1800 BC) expulsion of Indids by Aryans? Andronovo cremation culture (Kazakhstan 1500 BC).

Colchian Albanians (Armenia, Albania): Trialeti culture (Georgia 3000 BC) Colchis culture Anatolian hut-urns and face-urns (Galatia?, 1700 BC) Trojans.

Trojans Trojan War 1186 and the abduction of Hellenes (Ionians ← *Alvaeones + Aeolians  ← *Alvaeoles) to Greece as slaves (Geometric Ware in the Dipylon cemetery of Athens) + Albanians (Epeiros) Veneti/Heneti? (Venice, Italy).




Gauls/Gaels (kings) – Albanians/Lapps/Alpines (priests) – Wends/Veneti/Anti – Croats – Czechs – LekhsMekhs


thick rain-forests, nomadic foraging, clearings in mountainous woods, meagre existence as village cottagers and urban craftsmen


omnivorous and insectivorous subsistence, honey-eaters, nomadic strandlopers, gathering economy of nomadic foragers



semidugouts, fogous, zemlyanki, burdeis, earth lodges, lean-to shelters, semisubterranean houses with one-slope lean-to roofs


worshipping deities impersonating winds blowing to the four ends of the world, they are represented by Janus-like statues or columns with one body

taking care of laws and the way of all flesh (Chinese Taoism, Indian Buddhism, Tibetan Bon), influence of determinist Protestant movements


incineration and cremation burials, live widows burnt on funeral pyres together with their dead husbands, cremated ashes put into a textile sack and hung on a tent-pole or a roadside column (Buddhist stupa)


aviotheism: forefathers’ souls survives as birds and every spring they return home in the embodiment of swallows


short-legged undersized muscular stature with brachycephalous skulls, round-headed skulls with an upturned tip of the nose, waxy yellowish skin, infantile paedomorphic face, curly hair, hairy body and a long beard


backed leptolithic knives, travelling kit-bags woven out of bast or grass, blowpipes with poisoned arrows, poisoning alchemy with toadstools, saunas and sweathouses, ‘pyrolithic’ industry boiling food in pots and depressions by throwing hot stones into water 


Russian-like rubashka, grass-woven sandals (laptye), women clad in white, males wearing a red hood with a pointed top and pumpkin, the appearance of fairy-tale elves and coxcombs at medieval courts 


ABO blood group A, Rh+, Y-DNA haplogroups A, B and O, mtDNA M


originally isolating languages with reduplication, tonal prosody with phonologically relevant tones or melodic accent, great pre-valence of monosyllabic words with open final syllables, voiced-to-surd consonant correlation, implosive stops instead of explosive occlusives, sucking clicks, satemism, velar and guttural consonants shifted to palatal stops, fronting of back vowels,  u → i/y, a series of nasal vowels, the nominal category of masculine o-stems and feminine a-stems, andronyms in -o, gyneconyms in -a, i/e-plurals

Table 32. The cultural paradigm of Lappids and Pygmids


Extract from Pavel Bělíček: The Synthetic Classification of Human Phenotypes and Varieties. The Atlas of Systematic Anthopology I, Prague 2018, ISBN 978-80-86580-51-7, pp. 95-99.










































1 Eugen von Eickstedt: Forschungen in Süd- und Ostasien. In: Zeitschrift für Rassenkunde 8, 10, 11, 1938-1940.

2 Bertil Lundman: Geographische Anthropologie. Rassen und Völker der Erde. Stuttgart: G. Fischer, 1967.

1 J. M. Bowler, Rhys Jones: Pleistocene human remains from Australia: A living site and human cremation from Lake Mungo, western New South Wales, World Archaeology, vol. 2, 1, 1970.