Linguistic Analogism and Anomalism
The history of linguistic studies is expounded falsely as a cumulative process of a linear growth of knowledge and a series of unique individual inventions (B. Fajkus 1997: 29). Rupturist philosophers, however, claim that it consisted of coherent paradigms and ruptures repeated in periodic cycles. Its fates may be regarded as a story of perpetual oscillation between three extremes: firstly, analogism enjoying normative morphology, secondly, anomalism indulging in hermeneutic semiotics, and thirdly, comparativism giving preference to interlingual comparison and historical grammar. Table 2 attempts to give a broader generalisation of the former two paradigms as they reappear at different stages of history. If we plot their historical occurrence on chronological diagrams, we may observe regular periodic patterns. There are regular ups and downs in economic and social growth, which are manifested in literature as periods of classicist and romantic taste. In linguistics these changes in taste lead to periodic revivals of analogism and anomalism.
Table 2. The opposition of analogism and anomalism in linguistics
analogist paradigm was dominant in the classic age of
Extract from Pavel Bělíček: Historical Perspectives of English Studies in Czech Humanities. A Working Program of English Studies. Prague 2001, pp. 11-13.